OSIM carries out its activity as a specialized government body having sole authority over the territory of Romania in ensuring the protection of industrial property.

The first Trademark Law was adopted by the Romanian Parliament in 1879.

The first Romanian Patent Law entered into force on January 17, 1906; on the same day, the Romanian Patent Office was set up and it continued to function – under different forms – up to now.

Romania is a member of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

Romania has concluded a Cooperation Agreement with the European Patent Organization on the extension to Romania of the effects of the European Patents.